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C-Map distributes ENCs in a compiled (SENC) format, for very fast loading and updating of chart databases.We also offer a range of easy-to-use licensing methods to best suit the needs of our customers.Building and Maintaining NOAA ENCs In 1997, NOAA began a process of building a portfolio of ENCs that encompass the same areas covered by NOAA’s suite of approximately 1,000 paper and raster charts.The ideal and most accurate way to build ENCs is to recompile the paper chart from all of the original source material.Introduction Acknowledgements ECDIS Abbreviations and Useful Info IHO Standards Photo Acknowledgements 1 History of the Electronic Chart 1.1 An International Agreement 1.1.1 Early Solutions to Comparing Radar and Charts 1.1.2 From Navigation Aids to Navigation Systems to Bridge Systems 1.1.3 Types of Electronic Position-Finding Equipment 1.1.4 Integrated Bridge Projects and Bridge Mechanisation 1.1.5 Inventing Electronic Charts: The First Generation 1.1.6 Creating Official International Standards 1.1.7 UKHO ARCS (Admiralty Raster Chart Service) – A Direct Descendent of Paper-Based Cartography 1.1.8 Why didn’t Marine Electronic Charts Follow the Aviation Model?1.1.9 Third Generation Vector Charts 1995-2010 1.1.10 Commercial Electronic Charts for the Leisure Market 2005-2010 1.1.11 Fourth Generation Electronic Charts with Passage Planning Tools 2010 1.2 Third ECDIS Conference 2 Regulatory Bodies 2.1 The IHO/IHB 2.2 International Maritime Organization (IMO) 2.2.1 Resolutions 3 Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS) Convention 3.1 Implementation Plan 3.2 Timeline 4 Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping (STCW) Convention 4.1 Before 2012 4.2 2012 Onwards 5 International Safety Management (ISM) Code 5.1 Type-Specific Training 5.2 Safety Management System 6 Port State Control (PSC) 6.1 Paris Mo U 6.2 Implications 7 Flag States 7.1 Training 7.2 Standards 7.3 Requirement 7.4 Flag State Guidance 8 Private Vessels 9 The Electronic Chart 9.1 Types of Electronic Chart Data 9.1.1 Hydrographic Office Approved Electronic Charts 9.1.2 Formats 9.1.3 Use of Data 9.1.4 Unofficial or Private Data 9.1.5 Official Data – Nautical Charts 9.2 Creation of Electronic Chart Data 9.2.1 Rendering 9.3 Datums 9.3.1 Horizontal Datum 9.3.2 Vertical Datum 9.4 Encryption and Permits/Licences 9.4.1 Encryption 9.4.2 Permits/Licences 9.5 Raster Charts 9.5.1 Definitions 9.5.2 Characteristics 9.5.2.1 Pixilation and Scale 9.5.2.2 Borders 9.5.3 Raster Navigational Charts (RNCs) – Official Government Raster Charts 9.5.4 Unofficial (Private) Raster Charts 9.6 Vector Charts 9.6.1 Definitions 9.6.2 Characteristics 9.6.3 Official Government Vector Charts – Electronic Navigational Charts (ENCs) 9.6.3.1 IHO Standards 9.6.3.2 System Electronic Navigational Chart (SENC) 9.6.3.3 Presentation Independent Data 9.6.3.4 Presentation Library 9.6.3.5 Interrogation 9.6.3.6 Scale 9.6.4 Display Settings 9.6.5 Construction 9.6.6 Distribution 9.6.7 Datums 9.6.8 Source Data 9.6.9 World Coverage 9.6.10 Digital Chart Catalogues 9.6.11 Unofficial (Private) Vector Charts 9.6.11.1 Appearance 9.6.11.2 Data Manipulation 9.6.11.3 Data Concerns 9.6.11.4 Naming and Coverage 9.7 Data Management 9.7.1 Responsibility 9.7.2 RCDS Management 9.7.3 ENC Data Authorities 10 The Operating System 10.1 International Regulations 10.1.1 SOLAS 10.1.2 IHO 10.2 ECDIS Performance Standards 10.2.1 Type Approval 10.2.2 MSC 232(82) ECDIS Performance Standards (extracts) 10.3 ECDIS Operation 10.3.1 System Control 10.3.1.1 Turning On/Off 10.3.1.2 Controls 10.3.1.3 Menu Systems 10.3.1.4 Side Panels 10.3.1.5 Screen Displays 10.3.1.6 System Units 10.3.2 Data Management 10.3.2.1 Dual/Multi Fuel 10.3.2.2 Installing and Updating 10.3.2.3 Loading/Selecting 10.3.2.4 Unloading/Removing 10.3.3 Data Display 10.3.3.1 Symbols 10.3.3.2 Colour Palettes 10.3.3.3 Display Feature Sets 10.3.3.4 Interrogation 10.3.4 Route Planning 10.3.4.1 Port Locator 10.3.4.2 Notes, Surveys and Datums 10.3.4.3 Chartpoints 10.3.4.4 Defining Safe Water 10.3.4.5 Creating a Route 10.3.4.6 Saving Work 10.3.4.7 Route Scanning 10.3.4.8 Adding Notes and Objects 10.3.4.9 Alternative Route 10.3.5 Route Monitoring 10.3.5.1 Safety/Chart Settings 10.3.5.2 Position Monitoring 10.3.5.3 Main Screen 10.3.5.4 Look Ahead/Position Offset 10.3.5.5 Split Screen 10.3.6 Positional Checking 10.3.7 Radar Information Overlay (RIO) 10.3.8 Fixing 10.3.9 Secondary Position Monitoring 10.3.10 Anti-grounding Cone 10.3.11 General Options 10.3.12 Alarms and Indications 10.3.12.1 Definitions 10.3.12.2 ENCs 10.3.12.3 RNCs 10.4 Route Management 10.4.1 Pilotage 10.4.2 SAR/MOB 10.4.3 Voyage Recording/Playback 10.4.4 Electronic Logbooks 10.4.5 Sensors 10.4.5.1 Calibration and Antenna Offsets 10.4.5.2 GNSS 10.4.5.3 Gyro 10.4.5.4 Log 10.4.5.5 Echo Sounders 10.4.5.6 Radar 10.4.5.7 AIS 10.4.5.8 Tidal Information 10.4.6 Automatic Track Control 10.4.7 ECDIS Failure 10.4.7.1 Backup System 10.4.7.2 Blackout or Total Electrical Failure 10.4.7.3 Reversion to Paper Charts 10.5 ECDIS Interpretation 10.5.1 Passage Planning 10.5.1.1 Appraisal – Gathering the information 10.5.1.2 Planning – Creation of the plan 10.5.1.3 Execution – Interpretation 10.5.1.4 Monitoring – Checking 10.5.2 Human/Machine Interface 10.5.2.1 The Human Factor 10.5.2.2 Alarm Management 10.5.2.3 Situational Awareness 10.5.3 ECDIS Understanding 10.5.3.1 Scale 10.5.3.2 Source 10.5.3.3 Environmental Effects 10.5.3.4 Datums 10.5.3.5 ECDIS and ECS Manufacturers 11 ECDIS Related Incidents 11.1 Case Studies 11.1.1 2001 ‘MV Choice’ 11.1.2 2006 ‘Skagern’ and ‘Samskip Courier’ 11.1.3 2006 ‘MV Thunder’ 11.1.4 2006 ‘Octopus’ and ‘Harald’ 11.1.5 2007 ‘Sea Express 1’ and ‘Alaska Rainbow’ 11.1.6 2007 ‘Ursine’ and ‘Pride of Bruges’ 11.1.7 2008 ‘Pride of Canterbury’ 11.1.8 2008 ‘CFL Performer’ 11.1.9 2009 ‘Antari’ 11.1.10 2009 ‘Maersk Kendal’ 11.2 US National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) 11.2.1 1995 ‘Royal Majesty’ 11.2.2 2007 ‘Empress of the North’ 11.2.3 2007 ‘Axel Spirit’ 11.2.4 2007 ‘Cosco Busan’ 11.3 ECDIS Incident Investigation Check Off List 12 Paperless Navigation in Practice – A Case Study 12.1 Considerations 12.2 General Operations 12.3 Why Paperless?Understanding ECDIS and selecting the right ECDIS solution is vital for ensuring the safe and precise navigation of a vessel on track, and on time.The ECDIS Manual, written by ECDIS navigators for ECDIS navigators, draws on the knowledge of leading ECDIS experts and manufacturers, as well as classification societies and NGOs, to support a vessel’s transition to digital navigation in accordance with IMO, IHO, Flag State, PSC, ISM, SMS and SIRE requirements.

Instead, NOAA ENCs have been compiled from source on those features that are deemed to be navigationally significant. These precise coordinates of channel limits are being incorporated into the ENC. The paper chart has been the source for the remainder of items. has received Value Added Reseller (VAR) status for the IC-ENC (International Center for ENCs) official electronic nautical charts (ENC).Transas successfully passed all the tests and assessments and is now authorized to distribute the ENC data produced by national Hydrographic Offices and primarily designed for use with Electronic Chart Display and Information Systems (ECDIS). Inoltre, esso permette il controllo costante dei più importanti parametri per la gestione della navigazione, secondo il tipo e le dimensioni dell’unità sulle quali è utilizzato. (Electronic Chart Display Information System) è un sistema elettronico di visualizzazione e di divulgazione istantanea di informazioni di sicurezza alla navigazione.

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NOAA ENCs conform with the International Hydrographic Office (IHO) S-57 international exchange format, comply with the IHO ENC Product Specification, and are provided with incremental updates that supply Notice to Mariners corrections and other critical changes.

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